Urban Development and Mining in Istanbul - Agacli Coal Field and its Rehabilitation

Yildiz T. D., Samsunlu A., Kural O.

16th International Symposium on Environmental Issues and Waste Management in Energy and Mineral Production (SWEMP) / International Symposium on Computer Applications (CAMI), İstanbul, Turkey, 5 - 07 October 2016 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Istanbul has hosted various civilizations and its population has been growing. This population and population growth have brought industrialization. Important steps made for energy supply and because of this, Silahtaraga Plant was established. The coal, that needed for the plant were obtained from Agacli area which is close to the region. Extracted coal from there has been moved to Silahtaraga Plant with the railway line that built specifically, during World War I. Coal supply for this plant has continued until 1983, the date that plant was closed. The same coal that extracted from Agacli region for many years has been used in Istanbul, especially for house heating. Usage of the Agacli region coals in urban heating has been abandoned because of the air pollution after the introduction of natural gas in 1992.