Polyaniline/MnO2/porous carbon nanofiber electrodes for supercapacitors


Dirican M., Yanilmaz M. , Asiri A. M. , Zhang X.

JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, vol.861, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 861
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2020.113995
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Abstract

Free-standing polyaniline@MnO2@porous carbon nanofiber (PANI@MnO2@PCNF) supercapacitor electrodes were fabricated through the electrodeposition of MnO2 nanoparticles onto electrospun PCNFs and subsequent chemical polymerization of aniline on the MnO2@PCNF composite. The introduced PANI@MnO2@PCNF electrodes combined the high pseudo capacitance of both MnO2 nanoparticles and conducting PANI polymer with the good cycling stability of PCNFs, and hence they exhibited high capacitance retention (91%) after 1000 cycleswith high capacitance of 289 F/g. In order to further improve the performance, asymmetric cell configuration was employed by using PANI@MnO2@ PCNF and PCNF electrodes. Electrochemical test results showed that asymmetric cell configuration led to improved energy density (119 Wh/kg) as well as power density (322 W/kg). It is, therefore, demonstrated that binder- free PANI@MnO2@PCNF composites are promising electrode candidate for high-performance supercapacitor applications. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V.