Proving hydrogen addition mechanism from manure to coal surface obtained by GC-MS and H-1-NMR analysis

Koyunoğlu C. , KARACA H.

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol.9, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/s41598-019-45254-4
  • Title of Journal : SCIENTIFIC REPORTS


In this study, to explain the possibility of hydrogen transfer paths from manure to coal, Elbistan lignite (EL) combined with manure liquefaction of oil + gas products were analysed with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (H-1-NMR) technique. In the same way, it is observed that oils which as they fragment to an alkane-alkene mixture, serve as a hydrogen "sponge" and put a serious hydrogen need on the parts of the free radicals and molecules that are currently hydrogen poor. Concerning Elbistan lignite and manure do not have any aromatic hydrogen. Moreover, when the aromatic compounds were hydrogenated, their aromatic hydrogen was transformed to naphthenic hydrogen. Hydrogen transfer was due to isomerization of heptane from 3-methylhexane obtained in test oil where only manure was present as hydrogen donor in the liquefaction environment despite hydrogenation of isomerization from naphthalene to azulene.