High-resolution seismicity imaging and early aftershock migration of the 2023 Kahramanmaraş (SE Türkiye) MW7.9 & 7.8 earthquake doublet

Ding H., Zhou Y., Ge Z., Taymaz T., Ghosh A., Xu H., ...More

Earthquake Science, vol.36, no.6, pp.417-432, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.eqs.2023.06.002
  • Journal Name: Earthquake Science
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.417-432
  • Keywords: 2023 Türkiye Earthquake Doublet, aftershock catalog, aftershock migration, fault imaging, PALM
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


We build a high-resolution early aftershock catalog for the 2023 SE Türkiye seismic sequence with PALM, a seamless workflow that sequentially performs phase picking, association, location, and matched filter for continuous data. The catalog contains 29,519 well-located events in the two mainshocks rupture region during 2023-02-01–2023-02-28, which significantly improves the detection completeness and relocation precision compared to the public routine catalog. Employing the new PALM catalog, we analyze the structure of the seismogenic fault system. We find that the Eastern Anatolian Fault (EAF) that generated the first MW7.9 mainshock is overall near-vertical, whereas complexities are revealed in a small-scale, such as subparallel subfaults, unmapped branches, and stepovers. The seismicity on EAF is shallow (<15 km) and concentrated in depth distribution, indicating a clear lock-creep transition. In contrast, the Sürgü Fault (SF) that is responsible for the second MW7.8 mainshock is shovel-shaped for the nucleation segment and has overall low dip angles (∼40°–80°). Aftershocks on the SF distribute in a broad range of depth, extending down to ∼35 km. We also analyze the temporal behavior of seismicity, discovering no immediate foreshocks within ∼5 days preceding the first mainshock, and no seismic activity on the SF before the second mainshock.