Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from acorn shell by physical activation with H2O-CO2 in two-step pretreatment

Sahin Ö., Saka C.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, vol.136, pp.163-168, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 136
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.02.074
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.163-168
  • Keywords: Activated carbon, Acorn shell, Physical Activation, Two-step pretreatment, CHEMICAL ACTIVATION, SIZE DISTRIBUTION, RICE-HUSK, ADSORPTION, WOOD, ADSORBENTS, SAWDUST, BAGASSE, PORE
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Activated carbons have been prepared by physical activation with H2O-CO2 in two-step pre-treatment including ZnCl2-HCl from acorn shell at 850 degrees C. The active carbons were characterized by N-2 adsorption at 77 K. Adsorption capacity was demonstrated by the iodine numbers. The surface chemical characteristics of activated carbons were determined by FTIR spectroscopic method. The microstructure of the activated carbons prepared was examined by scanning electron microscopy. The maximum BET surface area of the obtained activated carbon was found to be around 1779 m(2)/g. (C) 2013 Elsevierltd. All rights reserved.