Dynamic Analysis of Composite Wind Turbine Blades as Beams: An Analytical and Numerical Study


Tufekci M., Genel Ö. E., Tatar A., Tüfekci E.

VIBRATION, vol.4, no.1, pp.1-15, 2021 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/vibration4010001
  • Journal Name: VIBRATION
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-15
  • Keywords: wind turbine, composite blades, modal analysis, analytical solution, finite element method, FINITE-ELEMENT, LAMINATED COMPOSITE, STRUCTURAL DESIGN, FREE-VIBRATIONS, MODEL, OPTIMIZATION, STRAIGHT, FATIGUE, MATRIX, SHEAR
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study focuses on the dynamic modelling and analysis of the wind turbine blades made of multiple layers of fibre reinforced composites and core materials. For this purpose, a novel three-dimensional analytical straight beam model for blades is formulated. This model assumes that the beam is made of functionally graded material (FGM) and has a variable and asymmetrical cross section. In this model, the blades are assumed to be thin, slender and long with a relatively straight axis. They have two main parts, namely the core and the shell. The so-called core consists of a lightweight isotropic foam material, which also adds significant damping to the system. The core material is covered by the shell, which is modelled using homogenous and orthotropic material assumptions as the structure is reinforced with continuous fibres. Therefore, the blades are modelled under a straight beam with varying cross-section assumptions, in which the effective elastic properties are acquired by homogenizing the cross section. The beam formulation for modelling the system is performed both analytically and numerically with the finite element method. The results of both methods are in well agreement. The maximum deviation between the results is found below 4%.