Turkic-type orogeny and its role in the making of the continental crust

Sengor A., Natalin B.

ANNUAL REVIEW OF EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCES, vol.24, pp.263-337, 1996 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 24
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Doi Number: 10.1146/annurev.earth.24.1.263
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.263-337
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Turkic-type orogeny is a class of collisional mountain building, in which the precollision history of one, or both, of the colliding continents involves the growth of very large, subcontinent-size subduction-accretion complexes, into which magmatic are axes commonly migrate and thus enlarge the continent to which they are attached. A review of the evolution of two Phanerozoic (Altaids, Nipponides), one Neoproterozoic (East African), and one Archean (Yilgarn) Turkic-type orogens shows that this type of orogeny may have been the principal builder of the continental crust through recorded Earth history. The total juvenile material added to Turkic-type orogens at any one time in the Phanerozoic seems close to 1 km(3)/year, which about equals the amount of material annually fed into the mantle at subduction zones. As some 0.02 to 0.03% of that material is generally agreed to return to the crust by are magmatism, these figures provide a minimum net growth rate for the continental crust during the Phanerozoic.