The Effect of Social Media Usage on Loneliness


Durucu M., Tuncer O., Bayraktar C. A.

Global Joint Conference on Industrial Engineering and Its Application Areas (GJCIE), ELECTR NETWORK, 14 - 15 August 2020, pp.283-299 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-030-76724-2_22
  • Country: ELECTR NETWORK
  • Page Numbers: pp.283-299
  • Keywords: Social media, Loneliness, Regression, ANOVA, Frequency of use
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study has been done in order to determine the effect of social media usage on loneliness perception. At the same time, it has been examined whether there was a significant difference in terms of loneliness for gender, age, and frequency of use. One hundred eighteen women and 83 men took part in the study. Social Media Use Scale [3] and the UCLA Loneliness Scale [11] have been used together with the Personal Information Form developed by the researcher. Correlation Analysis and Multiple Linear Regression Analysis have been used to determine the relationships between variables (social media use and loneliness). The relationship of loneliness according to gender, age, and frequency of use has been determined used one-way ANOVA. As a result of the analysis, social integration and emotional connection factor of social media use scale positively affect the sociality variance of loneliness scale. Furthermore, the loneliness scale of both factors of social media use scale has an effect on high human communication. High human communication is influenced positively by social integration and emotional engagement and is influenced negatively by social routines. At the same time, it was determined that the perception of loneliness did not differ according to gender and age, but differed significantly according to the frequency of internet use. The results of the study have shown that those who use social media for 5-6 h a day differ significantly on asocial variable compared to those who use less than 1 h or 1-2 h a day.