The comparison of orderifig in opal structure in two different bentonite occurrences

UZ B., ESENLI F., OZDAMAR S., Esenli V., Suner F.

JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, vol.62, no.4, pp.478-484, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 62 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.478-484
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The geological and chemical compositional heterogeneties of the two different types of bentonite occurrence, from the Hoylu and Caltumar areas in Fatsa of Ordu province (NE Turkey), were discussed in terms of silica polymorph structure. The Hoylu occurrence was formed by means of in situ alteration; the Caltumar bentonite was deposited within a volcano-sedimentary sequence and it has undergone diagenetic process. The samples of both areas contain smectite and opal (cristobalite/tridymite) as the main minerals. Feldspar, quartz and calcite are the other minerals observed in the Caltumar samples while the latter two minerals are not observed in the Hoylu samples. The cristobalites in Caltumar samples have strongly ordered microstructure and high crystallinity. The d-spacings of 101 line (4Angstrom band) of these cristobalites are lower than 4.07Angstrom and these silica polymorphs were identified as opal-C. But the opals from the Hoylu samples have disordered microstructure and probably rich in trydimite layers. The d-values of 4Angstrom band of these opal-CT are higher than 4.08Angstrom.