Dewatering of Mine Waste Using Geotextile Tubes

Karadoğan Ü., Çevikbilen G., Korkut S., Teymür B.

MINING METALLURGY & EXPLORATION, vol.39, no.6, pp.2477-2490, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s42461-022-00679-w
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2477-2490
  • Keywords: Mine Waste, Dewatering, Geotextile Tubes, Polyacrylamide, LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATE, FLY-ASH, SLUDGE, FLOCCULATION, SEDIMENTS, MERCURY, METALS, SLURRY
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study proposes a methodology for dewatering of mine waste using a multistage process, combining geotextile tubes and anionic polyacrylamide (PAM), which accelerates the recycling process of water for aggregate mine waste facilities. For this purpose, waste from a rock quarry located in Istanbul was investigated. Flocculation tests revealed that the use of anionic PAM at an optimum dosage reduced sedimentation time and decreased turbidity. The compatibility of geotextiles and mine waste conditioned with different dosages of the effective PAM was evaluated by rapid dewatering tests, considering the water content of the filter cake, amount of infiltrated solid content, and rate of filtration. Geotextile dewatering tests were also performed on PAM-free and conditioned suspensions. The dewatering process was optimized by the use of a geotextile tube in two stages: (i) on the unconditioned suspension and (ii) on recovered PAM-conditioned leachate. Directing PAM-free non-hazardous soil-based material obtained in stage i to alternative beneficial uses is suggested, to minimize the volume of waste. Furthermore, recycling of the effluent obtained at the second stage of the proposed method will ensure more efficient water reuse