A unique triple–channel fluorescent probe for discriminative detection of cyanide, hydrazine, and hypochlorite

Suna G., Gunduz S., Topal S., Öztürk T., Karakuş E.

Talanta, vol.257, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 257
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.talanta.2023.124365
  • Journal Name: Talanta
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, L'Année philologique, Aerospace Database, Analytical Abstracts, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Thienothiophene, Triphenylamine, Cyanide, Hydrazine, Hypochlorite, Multi-channel
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Herein, the first triple-channel fluorescent probe, TTB, excited at the same wavelength (λex = 360 nm) in the same sensing medium for the detection and discrimination of cyanide, hydrazine, and hypochlorite, is disclosed. While a fluorescent white color appeared (λem = 470 nm) with the addition of cyanide ion into the probe solution, upon addition of hydrazine and hypochlorite, green (λem = 503 nm) and orange (λem = 585 nm) fluorescent colors, respectively, were observed. A naked-eye detection for the three ions was documented. With the appearance of orange color, a mega Stokes shift of 175 nm was observed. The probe exhibited excellent selectivity and lower detection limits of 0.24 μM, 4.1 nM and 0.27 μM, and dynamic ranges of 0.0–2.0 μM, 0.0–0.05 μM and 0.0–2.0 μM for cyanide, hydrazine and hypochlorite, respectively. The sensing mechanism was investigated through computational studies before and after the addition of cyanide, hypochlorite, and hydrazine, applying density functional theory (DFT), along with the calculation of optical properties by time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) method. The results were found to be in good agreement with the experimental values. Remarkably, the probe, TTB, successfully detected cyanide, hydrazine, and hypochlorite in complex water samples. Moreover, the detection of cyanide was successfully performed in apricot kernels, as well as hypochlorite in fruits and vegetables.