Moisture management in residential buildings is essential in maintaining a healthy indoor environment and should be a primary consideration in designing new buildings and renovating existing constructions. Moisture in the form of precipitation, leakage, vapor, and condensation is commonly considered one of the most significant impediments to the durability and long-term performance of materials and components in residential buildings. It also can lead to damage to many types of building components and materials. This study investigates moisture management in indoor environments using common types of measuring sensors. To achieve and offer suggestions for proper moisture management in residential buildings, it is essential to understand and advance the collective understanding of moisture buffering and its effects on indoor environmental quality. This study focuses on the background of moisture management, considering new systems, ideas, and technologies.