Assessment of overall migration and specific migration of 1,4-butanediol from a thermoplastic polyurethane film developed for fresh produce packaging

Turan Kunter D., Güneş G.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.137, no.18, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 137 Issue: 18
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/app.48638
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A thermoplastic polyurethane (PU) polymer was synthesized, casted into films, and specific and overall migration (OM) tests were applied. A new method with gas chromatography-flame ionization detector was proposed to measure specific migration (SM) of 1,4-butanediol from the PU film. OM values in the four established simulants were under the legal limits. Determination of 1,4-butanediol migrating from PU film to the three established simulants showed maximum SM result as 1.5 mg/kg which was far below the legal limits. Therefore, the PU film has a good potential as a safe food contact material. Moreover, the analytical method used for determination of SM of 1,4-butanediol resulted in good analytical characteristics and detection limits at ppm level. (c) 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2019, 137, 48638.