Effect of solvent type on the dispersion quality of spray-and freeze-dried CNCs in PLA through rheological analysis

Özdemir B., Nofar M.

CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS, vol.268, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 268
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2021.118243
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Polylactide (PLA) nanocomposites with spray-and freeze-dried cellulose nanocrystals (i.e., SCNC and FCNC) were prepared through solution casting using four different solvents: tetrahydrofuran (THF), chloroform (CHL), dimethylformamide (DMF), and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Small amplitude oscillatory shear rheological analysis was extensively employed to explore the CNC dispersion quality in PLA. Overall, the rheological properties differences of PLA/SCNC and PLA/FCNC nanocomposites were not very significant. Moreover, the use of THF and CHL did not lead to a proper dispersion of CNCs in PLA due to their low dielectric constants. On the other hand, while the use of DMF was effective on the enhancement of CNC dispersion, DMSO could more dramatically lead to such enhancement due to its higher dielectric constant. The percolation threshold in PLA/ SCNC nanocomposites prepared with DMF and DMSO was predicted around 1.52 and 0.12 wt% CNC, respectively. The crystallization behavior of PLA/nanocomposites prepared with DMF and DMSO were also explored.