A number of methods have been developed which are used to remove the sulphur present in coal before combustion. The physical removal of pyritic sulphur by coal cleaning has been commercial practice for a number of years, but these methods do not remove organically bound sulphur, they can be applied effectively only to a limited number of coals. However, the removal of both pyritic and organically bound sulphur from coal can be effectively achieved by applying the chemical desulphurization methods. This paper gives a general review on the chemical desulphurization studies, including carbonization in different atmospheres, air oxidation, wet oxidation, Meyers Process, chlorination and extraction with the solutions of NaOH, CuCl2 and C2H5OH, which were carried out using different Turkish lignites. Copyright © 1995 by Marcel Dekker, Inc.