Low-profile closed cavity backed spiral antennas with circular AMC reflector for V/UHF bands

Gebeşoğlu D., Kuloğlu M., ERTAY A. O., Şimşek S.

AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol.170, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 170
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.aeue.2023.154861
  • Journal Name: AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Applied Science & Technology Source, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Artificial magnetic conductors, Low profile antennas, Spiral antennas
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, two low-profile wideband spiral antennas that are backed by Circular Artificial Magnetic Conductors (C-AMC) are proposed for V/UHF bands. Rather than using a C-AMC design that has single resonance frequency, different C-AMC structures that have different resonance frequencies are used beneath corresponding active regions of spiral antenna, such that frequency independent radiation characteristics are achieved. The C-AMC surface is designed to aim of covering the entire frequency band of antenna so that frequency regions where reflection phase of C-AMC rings are between +90° and −90° will follow each other. It is observed that using frequency-independent C-AMC and a thin absorber between C-AMC and outer region of spiral antenna element provides wideband antenna characteristics and improves axial ratio of antennas. Proposed Antenna 1 in this paper has low-profile (0.47λ0 ×0.47λ0 ×0.055λ0) at 300 MHz and high gain at frequencies between 300 MHz and 950 MHz. An absorbing material is used at the inner wall of the closed cavity to improve performance of Proposed Antenna 2 at lower frequencies. In this manner, 0 dBi realized gain transition point is achieved at 235 MHz. Proposed Antenna 2 has also low-profile (0.37λ0 ×0.37λ0 ×0.043λ0) at 235 MHz.