Studies on Drying and Swelling of PAAm-NIPA Composites in Various Compositions

Evingur G. A., Pekcan O.

POLYMER COMPOSITES, vol.32, no.6, pp.928-936, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pc.21111
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.928-936
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The steady-state fluorescence technique was introduced for studying the drying and swelling of disc-shaped PAAm-NIPA composites. Disc-shaped gels were formed with various acrylamides (AAm) and N-isopropylacrylamides (NIPA) by free radical crosslinking copolymerization in water. Composites were prepared with pyranine (Py) doped as a fluorescence probe. Scattered light, I(sc), and fluorescence intensities, I, were monitored during drying of these gels. The fluorescence intensity of pyranine increased and decreased as drying and swelling time increased respectively for all samples. The Stern-Volmer equation combined with moving boundary and Li-Tanaka models were used to explain the behavior of I during drying and swelling, respectively. It was found that the desorption coefficient, D, increased as NIPA contents were increased for a given temperature during drying. However, the cooperative diffusion coefficient, D(0), increased as NIPA contents were decreased during swelling at a given temperature. Supporting gravimetrical and volumetric experiments were also carried out during drying and swelling of PAAm-NIPA composites. It was observed that NIPA contents affect the drying and swelling process. POLYM. COMPOS., 32:928-936, 2011. (C) 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers