EKF based spacecraft localization with single station antenna tracking data

Sofyali A., Hacızade C., Butyrin S., Somov S.

6th International Conference on Recent Advances in Space Technologies, RAST 2013, İstanbul, Turkey, 12 - 14 June 2013, pp.1115-1120 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/rast.2013.6581170
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.1115-1120
  • Keywords: estimation, extended Kalman filter, single station antenna, singularity, spacecraft
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, an extended Kalman filter (EKF) for estimation of spacecraft's position and velocity by single station antenna tracking data in the presence of singularities is proposed. The designed EKF estimates the position and velocity of the spacecraft on direct nonlinear range-azimuth- elevation measurements. The proposed EKF is examined through the geostationary satellite orbital motion simulations. The corruption in the results by EKF emerges from singularities caused by the highly complex elements of the Jacobian measurement matrix. The recommendations to prevent the mentioned problem are given. © 2013 IEEE.