The Arithmetic Optimization Algorithm for Optimal Energy Resource Planning

Ahmadi B., Younesi S., Ceylan O., Özdemir A.

56th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC) - Powering Net Zero Emissions, ELECTR NETWORK, 31 August - 03 September 2021 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/upec50034.2021.9548204
  • Keywords: Distributed generation (DG), distribution networks (DNs), Customer Average Interruption Duration Index (CAIDI), Energy Not Supplied (ENS), Optimization, DISTRIBUTED GENERATION, DISTRIBUTION-SYSTEM, RELIABILITY, REANALYSIS
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study presents a new formulation regarding optimal placement and sizing of multi-type distributed generations (DGs) and energy storage systems (ESSs) to enhance the reliability of a radial distribution system and to reduce the line losses employing Arithmetic Optimization Algorithm (AOA) method. The model determines the number of DGs and ESSs automatically, and is designed to minimize the losses and the reliability indices such as Customer Average Interruption Duration Index (CAIDI). The performance of the algorithm is tested on 69-bus radial distribution system. The objective functions corresponding to optimal type, location, and size of distributed energy resources are compared to the base-case values. Finally, a comparative performance analysis of the proposed algorithm is performed in terms of reliability indices and power losses with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO).