Evaluation of digestion procedures for the determination of iron and zinc in biscuits by flame atomic absorption spectrometry

Doner G., Ege A.

ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA, vol.520, pp.217-222, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 520
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.aca.2004.05.069
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.217-222
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


An evaluation is made of different digestion methods for the determination of iron and zinc in biscuits prior to flame atomic absorption analysis. For the initial studies, microwave digestion was enough (using hydrogen chloride and nitric acid 3: 1, v/v, at 180degreesC and 600 W) to provide comparable accuracy, precision, digestion time and non-critical handling of reagents to dry-ashing and wet digestion (using different acid mixtures) and also to a simple acid treatment at room temperature. Although, after a simple microwave digestion, the spiked recoveries were found around 96-102%, to reduce the digestion time and for simplicity we worked on wet acid treatments. The results showed that acid-only treatment is not enough to digest the samples without adding ethanol, which was found necessary to digest organic residue at room temperature. The method was validated by comparison of the data found for commercial biscuit samples through using the proposed procedure and the AOAC official reference spectrophotometric method. Fe concentration in the different biscuits (such as petit beurre, baby biscuits, etc.) ranged from 1.21 to 15.96 mg/100 g while Zn concentration ranged from 0.58 to 2.50 mg/100 g depending on biscuit type. The highest concentration of Fe was in baby biscuits and these biscuits were about thirteen times richer in Fe than petit beurre biscuits. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.