Encapsulation of antioxidant beta-carotene by cyclodextrin complex electrospun nanofibers: Solubilization and stabilization of beta-carotene by cyclodextrins

Yildiz Z. I., Topuz F., Kilic M. E., Durgun E., Uyar T.

Food Chemistry, vol.423, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 423
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2023.136284
  • Journal Name: Food Chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Antioxidant, Cyclodextrin, Electrospinning, Inclusion complex, Nanofibers, β-carotene
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Carotenoids act as effective antioxidant defense systems in humans as they scavenge molecular oxygen and peroxyl radicals. However, their poor water solubility and being susceptible to degradation driven by light and oxygen hinder their bioactivity, therefore, they should be stabilized by host matrices against oxidation. Here, β-carotene was encapsulated in electrospun cyclodextrin (CD) nanofibers to increase its water-solubility and photostability to enhance its antioxidant bioactivity. β-carotene/CD complex aqueous solutions were electrospun into nanofibers. The bead-free morphology of the β-carotene/CD nanofibers was confirmed by SEM. The formation of β-carotene/CD complexes was explored through computational modeling and experimentally by FTIR, XRD and solubility tests. The antioxidant activity of the fibers exposed to UV irradiation was demonstrated via a free radical scavenger assay, where β-carotene/CD nanofibers revealed protection against UV radiation. Overall, this work reports the water-borne electrospinning of antioxidant β-carotene/CD inclusion complex nanofibers, which stabilize the encapsulated β-carotene against UV-mediated oxidation.