Circular intuitionistic fuzzy TOPSIS method: pandemic hospital location selection

Alkan N. , Kahraman C.

JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT & FUZZY SYSTEMS, vol.42, no.1, pp.295-316, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3233/jifs-219193
  • Page Numbers: pp.295-316
  • Keywords: Circular intuitionistic fuzzy sets, intuitionistic fuzzy sets, MCDM, TOPSIS, pandemic, hospital location selection, GROUP DECISION-MAKING, SUPPLIER SELECTION, EXTENSION, HYBRID


A circular intuitionistic fuzzy set (CIFS) recently introduced by Atanassov as a new extension of intuitionistic fuzzy sets is represented by a circle whose radius is r and whose center is composed of membership and non-membership degrees. The idea is similar to type-2 fuzzy sets, which are based on the fuzziness of membership functions with a third dimension. CIFSs help us define membership functions more flexibly, taking into account the vagueness in membership and non-membership degrees. In this study, TOPSIS, which is a multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) method, is developed under circular intuitionistic fuzzy environment. The proposed CIF-TOPSIS method is applied to determine the most appropriate pandemic hospital location selection problem. Then, a sensitivity analysis based on criteria weights and the weight of the decision maker's optimistic and pessimistic attitudes are conducted to check the robustness of the decisions given by the proposed approach. A comparative analysis with the single-valued intuitionistic fuzzy TOPSIS, Pythagorean fuzzy TOPSIS, picture fuzzy TOPSIS methods is also performed to verify the developed approach and to demonstrate its effectiveness.