Near-infrared light induced cationic polymerization based on upconversion and ferrocenium photochemistry

Meng X., Lu H., Li Z., Wang C., Liu R., Guan X., ...More

POLYMER CHEMISTRY, vol.10, no.41, pp.5574-5577, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 41
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1039/c9py01262a
  • Title of Journal : POLYMER CHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.5574-5577


A novel near-infrared (NIR) photoinitiating system for cationic polymerization using upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and ferrocenium salts is reported. The UV-A and visible light emitted by the UCNPs upon NIR irradiation, absorbed by the ferrocenium salts, results in the liberation of aromatic ligand and thus the formed active Lewis acid can efficiently induce the cationic polymerization of oxirane and vinyl monomers. Notably, high "post polymerization" efficiency in dark (>30%) was observed which can compensate the limited upconversion fluorescence efficiency and lead to an improved and uniform conversion of the monomers.