A Novel Double-layer Low-profile Multiband Frequency Selective Surface for 4G Mobile Communication System

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Balta S., Kartal M.

APPLIED COMPUTATIONAL ELECTROMAGNETICS SOCIETY JOURNAL, vol.37, no.4, pp.420-427, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.13052/2022.aces.j.370407
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Compendex, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.420-427
  • Keywords: Ansys HFSS, frequency selective surface (FSS), FR4, GSM, 4G IMT-Advanced, PCB, BAND, INTERFERENCE, SCATTERING, DESIGN
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A novel double-layer multiband, low-profile frequency selective surface (FSS) for IMT-Advanced (4G) mobile communication system is presented in this article. On aspired to a minimum transmission coeffi-cient of & minus;10 dB for surface materials when the frequency bands targeted for blocking are stopped. For this project, we chose the dielectric substrate FR4 (loss-tangent = 0.02; dielectric constant = 4.54) and a thickness of 1 mm. Dodecagonal rings, upright bars, and square frame make up the FSS unit cell. The desired frequency responses of the FSS were intended to avoid being changed according to the angle of incidence of the electromagnetic waves. The FSS design is proposed as a symmetrical structure to make it polarization-independent and is aimed to stop 800, 900, 1800, 2100, and 2600 MHz frequencies to prevent harmful effects to human health and interfer-ence effects at these frequencies. With a cell size of 0.17 lambda, the planned FSS is quite small and, thus, has a low sensitivity at the angle of the incident wave. In addition, FSS geometry was manufactured by a printed circuit board (PCB) and measured in a non-reflective environment after being studied in Ansys high-frequency structure simulator (HFSS) software. By comparing the analysis and measurement results of the design, the suc-cess of the FSS to the frequencies to be stopped has been verified. The effect of each patch on different frequen-cies has been examined by drawing the surface current density graphs of the design.