In situ preparation and characterization of encapsulated high-chain fatty acid ester-based phase change material (PCM) in poly(urethane-urea) by using amino alcohol


Aydin A. A.

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, vol.231, pp.477-483, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 231
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cej.2013.07.026
  • Title of Journal : CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.477-483

Abstract

A fatty acid ester-based phase change material (PCM) has been encapsulated with a proper poly-functional amino alcohol and toluene diisocyanate under in situ polymerization conditions for further use in thermal applications. N-(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine has been utilized for the first time for encapsulation of PCMs to form poly(urethane-urea) shell material. The research reports the influence of utilized anionic and non-ionic surfactants on properties of the encapsulated end products at different surfactant/PCM stoichiometric ratios. The thermal properties are reported in terms of phase change temperature, enthalpy and PCM encapsulation efficiency with necessary statistical calculations by differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) analyses after the conducted effective scrubbing procedure for excess PCM in the boundary layer and on walls of the shell material. Particle size distribution.analysis and high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) imaging have been utilized for further discussions on relations between surfactant types, stoichiometric ratios and structural properties. The prepared PCM composites with micro- and nano-structures are suitable candidates for use in desirable exterior building materials and solar units as outdoor thermal energy storage agents for construction of energy efficient buildings. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.