UP-CONVERSION LUMINESCENCE OF TM3+ IN YB3+-DOPED FLUOROPHOSPHATE GLASSES UNDER 683-NM EXCITATION


OZEN G. , DENIS J., WU X., PELLE F., BLANZAT B.

JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS, vol.176, pp.147-156, 1994 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 176
  • Publication Date: 1994
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/0022-3093(94)90072-8
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS
  • Page Numbers: pp.147-156

Abstract

The upconversion properties of Tm3+ ions have been studied in fluorophosphate glasses having the composition: 2.67AlPO(4) . 37.33AlF(3) . 27PbF(2) . (33 - x - y) CaF2 . xTmF(3) . yYbF(3) under 683 nm light which corresponds to the ground state absorption of the (Tm) F-3(3) level. The absorption, luminescence, excitation and time-resolved spectra and the decay patterns were measured as function of TmF3 and YbF3 concentrations at room temperature. Three upconverted emissions centered at 363 (D-1(2) --> H-3(6) transition), 451 (D-1(2) --> H-3(4) transition) and 478 ((1)G(4) --> H-3(6) transition) nm were observed. The emission centered at 478 nm was enhanced in the codoped sample. Two-photon absorption processes are responsible for the upconverted emissions originating from the D-1(2) and D-1(4) levels in both singly and codoped samples, respectively. The upconversion mechanism governing the stepwise excitation of 683 nm light was attributed to the (Tm) F-3(4) --> (Yb) F-2(5/2) and (Yb) F-2(5/2) --> (Tm) (1)G(4) energy transfer processes between Tm3+ and Yb3+ ions in the codoped sample. According to the time-resolved spectra of the blue emissions, the time at which the upconverted emission reaches its maximum value depends on the Tm concentration. However the (Tm) F-3(4) -->(Yb) F-2(5/2) transfer rate is independent of the Tm3+ concentration and is equal to 8.8 x 10(3) s(-1).