PLASMA CHEMISTRY AND PLASMA PROCESSING, vol.36, no.6, pp.1417-1430, 2016 (SCI-Expanded)
Surface modification of clay materials has become an important issue to improve the efficiency of the adsorbent. The adsorption capacity of the clay material can be increased by thermal or chemical modifications. In this study, plasma technology was applied for the surface modification of sepiolite to improve the removal of malachite green from contaminated water. This study is novel in preparing and examining the effectiveness of sepiolite in adsorption of malachite green from contaminated water. To achieve the aim, plasma application time, CO2, N-2, or Ar plasma gases effect and pH were investigated with respect to the adsorption capacity of MG. The surface properties of raw and plasma treated sepiolite were investigated with SEM, FTIR, BET surface area and XRD measurements. The monolayer adsorption capacity was found to be 143 mg/g.