One-stage anaerobic fermentation of excess sludge for caproate production by supplementing chain elongation enrichments with ethanol as electron donor

Fu B., Lu Y., Liu H., Zhang X., Ozgun H., Erşahin M. E., ...More

Journal of Environmental Management, vol.326, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 326
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.116723
  • Journal Name: Journal of Environmental Management
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Index Islamicus, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Anaerobic fermentation, Bioaugmentation
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Elsevier LtdMedium chain fatty acids (MCFAs) production from excess sludge have recently received great research interest due to higher energy densities, easy-separation capability and high economic benefits. Here, the addition of chain elongation (CE) enrichments with ethanol as electron donor was used to enhance caproate production from one-stage sludge fermentation. Compared with 0.20 g/L of controls, caproate production reached 9.00 g/L by supplementing CE enrichments with ethanol/acetate ratio of 3:1 after 7 days of acidification of organic matter in pretreated sludge fermentation. Clostridium_sensu_stricto_12, that refers to CE, was enriched in the first and second transfer of the sludge microbial consortium. Maintaining the stability of the microbial consortium would be the key that enables stable and efficient caproate production from sludge fermentation by supplementing CE enrichments.