In the last three decades of our century, the population increase in metropolitan, decreasing areas of construction sites, exponential increase in the prices of land etc. are causing the construction of high-rise buildings; the development of material science and construction technologies helps and accelerates this formation. Especially the high-strength and performance characteristics of concrete materials (the high capacity in transportation and placement during construction) increase the use of concrete against steel. In this study, the usage trends of structural materials in high-rise buildings and the relationship between the maximum concrete design strength factor and the total story number is observed. The highest hundred buildings of the world are examined in terms of "height factor" and the kind of materials used in their construction. Also, the kind of structural materials that can be used in these buildings are researched on the base of electrical consumption during their production.