Detecting bifurcations in dynamical systems with CROCKER plots

Creative Commons License

Güzel İ., Munch E., Khasawneh F. A.

CHAOS, vol.32, no.9, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/5.0102421
  • Journal Name: CHAOS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Computer & Applied Sciences, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE, zbMATH, DIALNET
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Existing tools for bifurcation detection from signals of dynamical systems typically are either limited to a special class of systems or they require carefully chosen input parameters and a significant expertise to interpret the results. Therefore, we describe an alternative method based on persistent homology-a tool from topological data analysis-that utilizes Betti numbers and CROCKER plots. Betti numbers are topological invariants of topological spaces, while the CROCKER plot is a coarsened but easy to visualize data representation of a one-parameter varying family of persistence barcodes. The specific bifurcations we investigate are transitions from periodic to chaotic behavior or vice versa in a one-parameter collection of differential equations. We validate our methods using numerical experiments on ten dynamical systems and contrast the results with existing tools that use the maximum Lyapunov exponent. We further prove the relationship between the Wasserstein distance to the empty diagram and the norm of the Betti vector, which shows that an even more simplified version of the information has the potential to provide insight into the bifurcation parameter. The results show that our approach reveals more information about the shape of the periodic attractor than standard tools, and it has more favorable computational time in comparison with the Rosenstein algorithm for computing the maximum Lyapunov exponent. Published under an exclusive license by AIP Publishing.