Photoinduced toxicity of selected PAHs to the marine microalga Phaeodactylum tricornutum


Okay O. , Karacik B.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, vol.42, no.6, pp.707-714, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10934520701304344
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
  • Page Numbers: pp.707-714

Abstract

In this study, the effects of different concentrations of pyrene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, and chrysene within the solubility limits of the chemicals on marine microalgal species of Phaeodactylum tricornutum were examined under UV-A and UV-B lights by application of batch toxicity tests. The algal species were also exposed to the individual PAHs under cool-white fluorescent bulbs in the same laboratory conditions in order to compare the results with the responses of UV-exposed organisms. EC50 values calculated with the trimmed Spearman Karber method demonstrate that the UV light dramatically enhances the toxicity of the selected model PAHs. In most cases, the magnitude of increase in PAH toxicity was directly related to the concentration of individual PAHs and the duration of UV-lighting.