Cretaceous geological evolution of the Pontides


Tüysüz O.

Conference on Petroleum Geology of the Black Sea, London, Canada, 6 - 07 October 2015, vol.464, pp.69-94 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 464
  • Doi Number: 10.1144/sp464.9
  • City: London
  • Country: Canada
  • Page Numbers: pp.69-94

Abstract

The Pontides forming the southern continental margin of the Black Sea consist of the Strandja, Istanbul and Sakarya zones. The Zonguldak-Ulus Basin, located in the NE part of the Istanbul Zone, has traditionally been viewed as opening during the Barremian and deepening until the Albian under the control of normal faults. New outcrop data indicate that the southern and eastern parts of this basin facing towards the Intra-Pontide Ocean in the south were already open during the Berriasian or earlier. Uplift and erosion of the Zonguldak-Ulus Basin during the Cenomanian is attributed to collision of the Istanbul and the Sakarya zones along the Intra-Pontide Suture. The Sinop Basin in the Sakarya Zone opened during Hauterivian-Barremian time. Sedimentation in this basin continued in a deepening environment until the development of the Pontide Magmatic Belt during the Turonian. The contact between the Istanbul and the Sakarya zones is represented by a shear zone that consists of siliciclastic distal turbidites, debris-flow deposits and radiolarian cherts imbricated with Middle Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous magmatic arc fragments. This shear zone is interpreted as being the eastern continuation of the Intra-Pontide Suture, separating the Istanbul and the Sakarya zones.