Plant-based milk substitutes: Bioactive compounds, conventional and novel processes, bioavailability studies, and health effects

Aydar E. F., Tutuncu S., Özçelik B.

JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS, vol.70, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 70
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jff.2020.103975
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Plant-based milk substitute, Production, Novel technology, Health effects, Bioactive compounds, Bioavailability, HIGH-PRESSURE HOMOGENIZATION, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY, WALNUT MILK, COWS MILK, IN-VITRO, RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES, POLYPHENOL CONTENT, COCONUT MILK, ALMOND MILK, PEANUT MILK
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The consumption of plant-based milk substitutes has spread rapidly around the world due to its numerous positive health effects on the human body. Individuals with cow's milk allergy, lactose intolerance, and hypocholesterolemia prefer these beverages. In spite of the added sugar and lack of total protein content, phenolic compounds, unsaturated fatty acids, antioxidant activity, and bioactive compounds such as phytosterols and isoflavones make plant-based milk substitutes an excellent choice. In addition to the health effects, this review includes conventional and novel processes for 12 different plant-based milk substitutes including almond, cashew, coconut, hazelnut, peanut, sesame, soy, tiger nut, oat, rice, hemp, and walnut. The unique element of this review is our holistic approach in which 12 different plant-based milk substitutes production techniques are presented, including patents, the health effects of bioactive compounds, the bioavailability of vitamins and minerals, the market share, consumer acceptance, and the environmental impact.